Important Literacy Terms - Definations


1. Analogy Defination

Analogy Defination - Literacy Terms


Analogy is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. 

Analogy plays a significant role in problem solving, as well as decision making, perception, memory, creativity, emotion, explanation, and communication.



2.  Back Formation Defination


Back Formation Defination

In linguistics, back-formation is the process of forming a new word (a neologism) by removing actual or supposed affixes from another word. Put simply, a back-formation is a shortened word (such as edit) created from a longer word (editor). Verb: back-form (which is itself a back-formation). Also called back-derivation. Another example is laze from lazy.


 

3. Shortening Literacy Term Defination


Shortening Literacy Term Defination

The act or process of dropping one or more syllables from a word or phrase to form a shorter word with the same meaning is called shortening. Example word forming piano from pianoforte or phone from Ltelephone. Another examples are telly from television, bike from bicycle.



 4. Slang Defination

 – Slang is a type of language consisting of words and phrases that are: considered to be very informal. more common in speech than in writing. typically restricted to a particular context or group of people. Example : to re ke rs an UNREAL (means something that is unbelievably cool or brilliant) - I love this en party, it's just unreal! 


5. Contamination Defination

Contamination Defination Literacy Term

"Contamination" is process which is viewed as damaging to the "receiving" language.


6. Composition Defination

Composition Defination


the term composition has multiple meanings. The process of keeping words and sentences together in conventional patterns, is called composition. 


7. Metre

 It is the succession of regularly accented group of syllables. The metre employed in a poetical line or verse form is the very foundation of the verses. It is described as dimetner, trimeter, tetrametre, pentameter, hexametre, heptameter, octometer, nonameter and decameter, according to the number of feet of which they are composed.


 8. Rhyme 

It denotes the recurrence of similar sounds in the closing syllables of different verses. It is the likeness between vowel-sounds in the last sylabless of the verses.


9. Epic

 It deals with the achievements of great legendary or of national hero or a grĂ¥nd action of national impotance in dignified style. It begins with an invocation usually to the Muse. e.g. Paradise Lost of Milton.



10. Ballad  

It is a poem in short stanzas narrating a popular story. Its dictron is simple and the passion and the situation are elementary. It deals with a variety of subjects such as love. (both happy and tragic), ancient magic, fierece love of independence, the love of outdoor life and the changing season. e.g. ancient mariner of S.T. Coleridge.